French Drains – The Basics

French DrainsThe basic concept of French drains is to provide the easiest route possible for water to flow. This type of drain is typically a slightly sloped trench containing gravel as well as a pipe that moves water away from a structure. If you are thinking about having this type of drainage system installed for your home, here is some basic information on what it does.

How They Work

French drains are named for the inventor, not the country. Henry French first mentioned the idea for this drainage system in an 1859 book.

They provide an easy way for water to drain. Water runs into the trench, and then into a pipe at the bottom of the trench and is emptied a safe distance away from your home. The bottom of the trench is typically sloped about an inch per every 8 feet in the direction in which you want the water to move. You will have several options when it comes to where you will want water diverted. These include the street, a nearby ditch, a dry well or a low-lying portion of your property.

Why You Need One

If you have any sort of issue with excess water, such as a soggy lawn or an intrusion into your basement, you should seriously consider having French drains installed by a professional. Depending on the extent of your water problem, your drain could be fairly simple to install. However, if you are having to deal with water in your basement after a heavy rain or a snow melt, you will likely need a deeper drain known as a footing drain. This will run around your home’s perimeter and intercept water before it is able to get into the basement.

If the time has come for you to have French drains installed for your home, get in touch with Basement Flood Protector. We will clearly spell out what type of drainage system you will need and why. Contact us online or call 847-852-7150 or 866-930-7898 to learn more or schedule an appointment.